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Project: CREW

Care, Retirement & Wellbeing of older people across different welfare regimes

The health and well-being of older adults is an important societal challenge associated with population ageing. Describing and explaining the underlying determinants of health and well-being among older people is therefore a crucial priority, including the role played by the welfare state in buffering the impact of social inequalities on health and well-being in later life.

The CREW project builds an interdisciplinary team of researchers from six institutions in five countries (Spain, Italy, Netherlands, Belgium, and Canada), to examine the interrelationships between care, work, health and well-being. More specifically, the project investigates: (1) the determinants of health and well-being at older age; (2) the patterns of caregiving, and their impact on well-being and social participation of older people; (3) the pension systems; and (4) the well-being of older adults without close kin. Gender and welfare policies are the transversal themes of each research topic. The key research questions that the team at NIDI will address regard the direct and indirect effects of early-life conditions on the health and well-being of older people, the role of welfare policies in moderating the impact of these early age disadvantages, as well as the influence of complex family structures and family trajectories on health and well-being at older ages.

In order to analyse the complexities of ageing, well-being, health, and the welfare context, national and cross-national micro level datasets will mainly be used (e.g. SHARE, GGP, ESS). In addition to these individual-level data, the project will draw on macro-level data from different sources, such as OECD, Eurostat, and World Bank. A combination of statistical methods, specific for longitudinal data (e.g. fixed and random effects models, latent variable models), will be used to analyse the ageing process dynamics, as well as techniques to deal with inferential problems about causality (e.g. propensity score matching, instrumental variables approach).

The project will fill key policy-relevant gaps in existing research, ultimately contributing to knowledge which inform policies to enhance successful ageing for both men and women and for people of different socio-economic groups.

This research is funded by a Joint Programming Initiative More Years Better Lives 2017-2020 (JPI MYBL).

More information on the project is available on the CREW project website:

NIDI Research team

Project website

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